Patient initiated follow up after gynaecological malignancy: National survey of current UK practice.
- 作者列表："Coleman L","Newton C
OBJECTIVE:To establish the prevalence of follow up regimes following treatment for gynaecological malignancies in the UK. STUDY DESIGN:Online questionnaire Survey of gynaecological cancer centres across the UK. All members of the British Gynaecological Cancer Society (BGCS) and the National Forum of Gynaecological Oncology Nurses (NFGON) were invited to complete the survey between 12/07/2018 and 12/04/2019. Responses were grouped into cancer centres for analysis. RESULTS:90 % (44/49) of cancer centres from across the UK responded. All centres offer consultant follow up, most commonly for 5 years (77 %). Routine CA125 surveillance was performed for ovarian cancer in 27 % and cervical or vault cytology for cervical cancer in 9 %. Cancer centres also utilised patient initiated follow up (PIFU) (42 %), telephone follow up (36 %) and nurse led follow up (45 %). PIFU was most commonly offered in endometrial cancer (100 %) but also in vulval (26 %), cervical (32 %) and ovarian (26 %) cancer. Timing of PIFU initiation following completion of treatment varied by cancer stage and grade in endometrial cancer. For patients with grade 1 stage 1a endometrial cancer, PIFU was initiated within 3 months in 82 % of centres that use PIFU. CONCLUSION:Non hospital based follow up regimes are increasingly prevalent in the UK following gynaecological malignancy. The appointment and cost savings in secondary care may be significant however there is likely to be a substantial impact on the primary care sector. There is no evidence regarding the impact of PIFU on overall survival and a randomised controlled trial is strongly recommended.
目的: 建立英国妇科恶性肿瘤治疗后随访制度的患病率。 研究设计: 英国妇科癌症中心的在线问卷调查。12/07/2018 至 12/04/2019 期间，英国妇科癌症协会 (BGCS) 和全国妇科肿瘤护士论坛 (NFGON) 的所有成员都被邀请完成调查。将反应分组到癌症中心进行分析。 结果: 来自英国的 90% (44/49) 的癌症中心做出了回应。所有中心都提供顾问随访，最常见的是 5 年 (77%)。卵巢癌常规 CA125 监测 27%，宫颈癌宫颈或穹窿细胞学检查 9%。癌症中心还利用了患者发起的随访 (PIFU) (42%) 、电话随访 (36%) 和护士主导的随访 (45%)。PIFU 最常见于子宫内膜癌 (100%)，也见于外阴癌 (26%) 、宫颈癌 (32%) 和卵巢癌 (26%)。治疗完成后 PIFU 启动的时间因子宫内膜癌的癌症分期和分级而异。对于 1 级 1a 期子宫内膜癌患者，82% 的使用 PIFU 的中心在 3 个月内启动了 PIFU。 结论: 非医院为基础的随访制度在英国妇科恶性肿瘤后越来越普遍。二级保健的任命和成本节约可能很大，但是可能会对初级保健部门产生重大影响。没有证据表明 PIFU 对总生存期的影响，强烈建议进行随机对照试验。
METHODS:STUDY OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the differences in perioperative outcomes and immediate complication rates between laparoscopic myomectomy for submucous myomas and laparoscopic myomectomy for myomas in other locations. DESIGN:Retrospective cohort study. SETTING:University-affiliated hospital in London. PATIENTS:A total of 350 patients with symptomatic uterine myomas underwent laparoscopic myomectomy. Thirty-three of these were performed for submucous myomas (group 1), and 317 were for myomas in other uterine locations (group 2). INTERVENTIONS:Analysis of prospectively collected data on patient demographics, myoma characteristics, perioperative outcomes, and immediate complications. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS:Patient demographics, including age, body mass index, and parity, were similar in the 2 groups. No significant differences in myoma characteristics were seen between groups 1 and 2, including the mean dimension of largest myoma (7.1 vs 7.8 cm, respectively; p = .35), mean number of myomas removed (3.8 vs 4.1; p = .665), and mean mass of myomas removed (142.0 g vs 227.3 g; p = .186). There were also no significant between-group differences in any perioperative outcomes, including mean blood loss (226.8 mL vs 266.4 mL; p = .373), duration of surgery (103 minutes vs 113 minutes; p = .264), and duration of hospital stay (1.4 days vs 1.7 days; p = .057). No complications arose from laparoscopic resection of submucous myomas. CONCLUSION:Laparoscopic myomectomy for submucous myomas has similar perioperative outcomes and immediate complications as laparoscopic myomectomy for other myomas and can be considered for large or type 2 submucous myomas.
METHODS:INTRODUCTION:Laparoscopic myomectomy can be difficult when fibroids are large and numerous. This may result in extensive intraoperative bleeding and the need for a conversion to a laparotomy. Medical pretreatment prior to surgery might reduce these risks by decreasing fibroid size and vascularization of the fibroid. We compared pretreatment with ulipristal acetate (UPA) vs gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists (GnRHa) prior to laparoscopic myomectomy on several intra- and postoperative outcomes. MATERIAL AND METHODS:We performed a non-inferiority double-blind randomized controlled trial in nine hospitals in the Netherlands. Women were randomized between daily oral UPA for 12 weeks and single placebo injection or single intramuscular injection with leuprolide acetate and daily placebo tablets for 12 weeks. The primary outcome was intraoperative blood loss. Secondary outcomes were reduction of fibroid volume, suturing time, total surgery time and surgical ease. RESULTS:Thirty women received UPA and 25 women leuprolide acetate. Non-inferiority of UPA regarding intraoperative blood loss was not demonstrated. When pretreated with UPA, median intraoperative blood loss was statistically significantly higher (525 mL [348-1025] vs 280 mL[100-500]; P = 0.011) and suturing time of the first fibroid was statistically significantly longer (40 minutes [28-48] vs 22 minutes [14-33]; P = 0.003) compared with GnRHa. Pretreatment with UPA showed smaller reduction in fibroid volume preoperatively compared with GnRHa (-7.2% [-35.5 to 54.1] vs -38.4% [-71.5 to -19.3]; P = 0.001). Laparoscopic myomectomies in women pretreated with UPA were subjectively judged more difficult than in women pretreated with GnRHa. CONCLUSIONS:Non-inferiority of UPA in terms of intraoperative blood loss could not be established, possibly due to the preliminary termination of the study. Pretreatment with GnRHa was more favorable than UPA in terms of fibroid volume reduction, intraoperative blood loss, hemoglobin drop directly postoperatively, suturing time of the first fibroid and several subjective surgical ease parameters.
METHODS:AIMS:Hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell cancer (HLRCC) syndrome is caused by germline mutations in the Fumarate hydratase (FH) gene. In young women, the syndrome often presents with symptomatic uterine leiomyomas, leading to myomectomy or hysterectomy. In this study, we aimed to investigate the incidence and mutational profiles of FH-negative leiomyomas from young patients, thus allowing for early identification and triage of syndromic patients for surveillance. METHODS AND RESULTS:We evaluated 153 cases of uterine leiomyomas from women aged up to 30 years for loss of FH expression by tissue microarray (TMA)-based immunohistochemical staining. Mutational analysis of tumours with loss of FH was carried out by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification of 10 exons within the FH gene and subsequent Sanger sequencing. The status of promoter methylation was assessed by bisulphite sequencing. Loss of FH protein expression was detected in seven (4.6%) of 153 tested uterine leiomyomas from young patients. All FH-negative leiomyomas displayed staghorn vasculature and fibrillary/neurophil-like cytoplasm. We found that six (86%) of seven FH-negative tumours detected by immunohistochemistry harboured FH mutations, 50% of which contained germline mutations. In particular, the germline mutational rate in FH gene was 2.0% (three of 153 cases). Bisulphite sequencing analysis failed to detect promoter methylation in any of the seven tumours. CONCLUSION:Our study showed a relatively high rate of FH germline mutation in FH-negative uterine leiomyomas from patients aged up to 30 years. While genetic mutations confer protein expression loss, epigenetic regulation of the FH gene appears to be unrelated to this phenotype.