Higher circulating levels of ANGPTL8 are associated with body mass index, triglycerides, and endothelial dysfunction in patients with coronary artery disease.
较高的循环中 ANGPTL8 水平与冠心病患者的体重指数、甘油三酯和内皮功能障碍有关。
- 作者列表："Fadaei R","Shateri H","DiStefano JK","Moradi N","Mohammadi M","Emami F","Aghajani H","Ziamajidi N
:Bac Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the leading cause of death worldwide and most commonly develops as a result of atherosclerosis. ANGPTL8 is a secreted adipokine that regulates lipid metabolism and is associated with cardiometabolic diseases, including type 2 diabetes and CAD. However, the association between circulating ANGPTL8 levels and CAD is inconsistent among studies and the mechanism by which ANGPTL8 contributes to CAD development remains poorly understood. Here we sought to evaluate the relationship between ANGPTL8 levels and endothelial dysfunction and adipose tissue inflammation in CAD patients. Concentrations of ANGPTL8, adiponectin, TNF-α, IL6, hsCRP, ICAM-1, and VCAM-1 were measured by ELISA in serum samples from 192 CAD patients diagnosed with stenosis > 50% in at least one coronary artery by angiography and 71 individuals with normal heart function. Serum ANGPTL8 levels were significantly higher in CAD patients compared to controls (83.84 ± 23.25 ng/mL vs. 50.45 ± 17.73; p < 0.001), independent of adjustment for age, sex, BMI, smoking and statin use. ANGPTL8 could also differentiate CAD patients from controls with 82.3% specificity and 81.4% sensitivity (p < 0.001). Adiponectin levels were lower in CAD patients, while ICAM-1, VCAM-1, TNF-α, IL6, and hsCRP levels were higher compared to non-CAD controls (all p < 0.001). ANGPTL8 levels were associated with BMI in controls and with BMI, TG, and ICAM-1 in CAD patients. The presence of elevated ANGPTL8 levels in CAD patients and independent association with TG and ICAM-1 suggest a possible role related to endothelial dysfunction in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis.
: Bac 冠状动脉疾病 (CAD) 是全球死亡的主要原因，最常见的是动脉粥样硬化的结果。ANGPTL8 是一种分泌的脂肪因子，调节脂质代谢，与心脏代谢疾病有关，包括 2 型糖尿病和 CAD。然而，循环 ANGPTL8 水平与 CAD 之间的关联在研究中是不一致的，ANGPTL8 促进 CAD 发展的机制仍然知之甚少。在此，我们试图评价 CAD 患者 ANGPTL8 水平与内皮功能障碍和脂肪组织炎症之间的关系。ANGPTL8 、脂联素、 TNF-α 、 IL6 、 hsCRP 、 ICAM-1 、用 ELISA 法检测 192 例冠状动脉造影诊断狭窄> 50% 的冠心病患者和 71 例心功能正常者的血清 VCAM-1。CAD 患者血清 ANGPTL8 水平显著高于对照组 (83.84 ± 23.25 ng/mL vs. 50.45 ± 17.73; P <0.001)，独立于年龄、性别、 BMI 、吸烟和他汀类药物使用的调整。ANGPTL8 还可以将 CAD 患者与对照组区分开来，特异性为 82.3%，敏感性为 81.4% (p <0.001)。冠心病患者的脂联素水平较低，而 ICAM-1 、 VCAM-1 、 TNF-α 、 IL6 和 hsCRP 水平较高 (均 p <0.001)。对照组中 ANGPTL8 水平与 BMI 相关，CAD 患者中 ANGPTL8 水平与 BMI 、 TG 和 ICAM-1 相关。冠心病患者 ANGPTL8 水平升高，与 TG 和 ICAM-1 独立相关，提示内皮功能障碍在动脉粥样硬化发病机制中的可能作用。
METHODS:BACKGROUND: Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors (GPIs) in combination with clopidogrel improve clinical outcome in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI); however, finding a balance that minimizes both thrombotic and bleeding risk remains fundamental. The efficacy and safety of GPI in addition to ticagrelor, a more potent P2Y12-inhibitor, have not been fully investigated. METHODS: 1,630 STEMI patients who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were analyzed in this subanalysis of the ATLANTIC trial. Patients were divided in three groups: no GPI, GPI administration routinely before primary PCI, and GPI administration in bailout situations. The primary efficacy outcome was a composite of death, myocardial infarction, urgent target revascularization, and definite stent thrombosis at 30 days. The safety outcome was non-coronary artery bypass graft (CABG)-related PLATO major bleeding at 30 days. RESULTS: Compared with no GPI (n = 930), routine GPI (n = 525) or bailout GPI (n = 175) was not associated with an improved primary efficacy outcome (4.2% no GPI vs. 4.0% routine GPI vs. 6.9% bailout GPI; p = 0.58). After multivariate analysis, the use of GPI in bailout situations was associated with a higher incidence of non-CABG-related bleeding compared with no GPI (odds ratio [OR] 2.96, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.32-6.64; p = 0.03). However, routine GPI use compared with no GPI was not associated with a significant increase in bleeding (OR 1.78, 95% CI 0.88-3.61; p = 0.92). CONCLUSION: Use of GPIs in addition to ticagrelor in STEMI patients was not associated with an improvement in 30-day ischemic outcome. A significant increase in 30-day non-CABG-related PLATO major bleeding was seen in patients who received GPIs in a bailout situation.
METHODS:OBJECTIVES:There are limited data on bivalirudin monotherapy in patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTE-ACS) with positive biomarkers of myocardial necrosis (troponin and/or creatine kinase-myocardial band isoenzyme). We sought to evaluate the safety and efficacy of bivalirudin monotherapy in patients with positive biomarkers from the Acute Catheterization and Urgent Intervention Triage Strategy (ACUITY) trial. PATIENTS AND METHODS:We compared the net adverse clinical events [composite ischemia - (death, myocardial infarction, or unplanned ischemic revascularization) - or noncoronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG)-related major bleeding] among patients with biomarker-positive NSTE-ACS in the ACUITY trial overall and by antithrombotic strategy. RESULTS:Among 13 819 patients with NSTE-ACS enrolled in ACUITY, 4728 patients presented with positive biomarkers and underwent an early invasive strategy. Of those, 1547 were randomized to heparin plus a glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor (GPI), 1555 to bivalirudin plus GPI, and 1626 to bivalirudin monotherapy. Compared with biomarker-negative patients, biomarker-positive patients had higher 30-day rates of net adverse clinical events (14.0 vs. 12.4%; P = 0.04), all-cause death (1.3 vs. 0.5%; P = 0.001), cardiac death (1.1 vs. 0.5%; P = 0.005), and non-CABG-related major bleeding (6.5 vs. 5.2%, P = 0.03). At 30 days, bivalirudin monotherapy was associated with significantly less non-CABG-related major bleeding (bivalirudin monotherapy 4.1% vs. bivalirudin plus GPI 8.4% vs. heparin plus GPI 7.1%) with comparable rates of composite ischemia (bivalirudin monotherapy 9.2% vs. bivalirudin plus GPI 9.9% vs. heparin plus GPI 8.4%). In a multivariable model, bivalirudin monotherapy was associated with a significant reduction in non-CABG-related major bleeding but was not associated with an increased risk of death, myocardial infarction, unplanned revascularization or stent thrombosis. CONCLUSION:Compared with heparin plus GPI or bivalirudin plus GPI, bivalirudin monotherapy provides similar protection from ischemic events with less major bleeding at 30 days among patients with NSTE-ACS and positive biomarkers.
METHODS:Atrial fibrillation (AF) and concomitant coronary artery disease (CAD) create a therapeutic dilemma as the risk of bleeding with triple antithrombotic therapy (TATT) must be balanced against the risk of ischemic events with double antithrombotic therapy (DATT). The aim of this meta-analysis is to compare the efficacy and safety of DATT versus TATT in AF and CAD. MEDLINE, Cochrane, and ClinicalTrials.gov databases were searched for relevant articles published from inception to May 1, 2019. Studies comparing the safety and efficacy of DATT versus TATT in patients with AF and CAD were included. Among 9 studies, where 6,104 patients received DATT and 7,333 patients received TATT, there was no statistically significant difference in the outcomes of mortality, nonfatal myocardial infarction, stent thrombosis, and stroke. There was a lower rate of major bleeding in DATT (risk ratio [RR] 0.64 [95% confidence interval [CI] 0.54 to 0.75]; p <0.001). There was no significant difference in stent thrombosis (RR 1.52 [95% CI 0.97 to 2.38]; p = 0.07). However, subgroup analysis of trials with direct oral anticoagulant use demonstrated a borderline higher rate of stent thrombosis in DATT (RR 1.66 [95% CI 1.01 to 2.73]; p = 0.05). In conclusion, DATT showed no difference in the outcomes of mortality, stroke, nonfatal myocardial infarction, and stent thrombosis compared with TATT. DATT demonstrated a lower rate of major bleeding. DATT demonstrated a borderline higher rate of stent thrombosis in the subgroup analysis of trials with direct oral anticoagulant which needs to be evaluated in further studies.