Essential gene expression pattern of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma revealed by tumor-specific expression rule based on single-cell RNA sequencing.
基于单细胞 RNA 测序的肿瘤特异性表达规律揭示的头颈部鳞状细胞癌的必需基因表达模式。
- 作者列表："Yu X","Wang Z","Zeng T
:Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) has been widely reported and considered as one of the most threatening diseases to human health. Derived from complicated tissue subtypes, HNSCC has diverse symptoms and pathogenesis. They make the identification of the core carcinogenic factors of such diseases at the multi-cell level difficult. With the development of single-cell sequencing technologies, the effects of non-malignant cells on traditional bulk sequencing data can be eliminated directly. On the basis of fresh single-cell RNA-seq data, we set up a computational filtering strategy for tumor cell identification in an expression rule manner. This strategy can reveal the accurate expression distinction between tumor cells and adjacent tumor microenvironment, which are all supported by literature reports. Validated by several independent datasets, these rule genes can further group HNSCC patients with significant difference on survival risks. Thus, the establishment of our computational approach may not only provide an efficient tool to identify malignant cells in the tumor ecosystem but also deepen our understanding of tumor heterogeneity and tumorigenesis.
头颈部鳞状细胞癌 (HNSCC) 已被广泛报道，并被认为是对人类健康威胁最大的疾病之一。HNSCC 来源于复杂的组织亚型，其症状和发病机制多样。它们使这类疾病的核心致癌因子在多细胞水平的识别变得困难。随着单细胞测序技术的发展，非恶性细胞对传统批量测序数据的影响可以直接消除。在新鲜单细胞 RNA-seq 数据的基础上，我们以表达规则的方式建立了肿瘤细胞鉴定的计算过滤策略。该策略可揭示肿瘤细胞与邻近肿瘤微环境的准确表达区分，均得到文献报道的支持。通过几个独立的数据集验证，这些规则基因可以进一步对生存风险有显著差异的 HNSCC 患者进行分组。因此，我们计算方法的建立不仅可以为识别肿瘤生态系统中的恶性细胞提供有效的工具，还可以加深我们对肿瘤异质性和肿瘤发生的理解。
METHODS:INTRODUCTION:Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection and is associated with several types of cancer. The number of cases of HPV-associated head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCCs), especially oropharyngeal carcinomas, has increased significantly in recent years despite decreased tobacco smoking rates. Currently, no data concerning the risk factors and prevalence of HPV in HNSCC patients in all regions of Brazil are available, making it difficult to promote advances in this field of public health. Therefore, our goal is to determine the impact of infection by HPV, including HPVs with different genotypes, on head and neck cancer and the risk factors associated with the development of head and neck cancer in all regions of Brazil. METHODS AND ANALYSIS:This is a case-control study that will include 622 patients and 622 controls from all regions of Brazil. A questionnaire will be applied to gather information on sociodemographic, behavioural and health factors. Oral, cervical or penile/scrotal, and anal specimens and serum samples will be collected from all participants. Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue from tumour biopsies will be analysed only in the case group. Molecular and serological analyses will be performed to evaluate the presence and role of HPV in the development of head and neck cancer. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION:This project was approved by the research ethical committee of the proposing institution (Hospital Moinhos de Vento, number 2.852.060). Ethical approval from the collaborators is currently under evaluation and is not yet complete. The results of this study will be presented at meetings with the Brazilian Ministry of Health through technical reports and to the scientific community at national and international events, with subsequent publication of scientific articles.
METHODS:BACKGROUND:Factors related to head and neck cancer and the treatment of the disease can affect quality of life. The aim of this study was to determine factors associated with the severity of impact on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in survivors of head and neck cancer using a multivariate analysis. METHODS:This cross-sectional study evaluated 90 volunteers who had completed radiotherapy at least 3 months earlier. OHRQoL was assessed using oral health impact profile (OHIP-14) and the data were analyzed using robust variance poisson regression models. RESULTS:The mean total OHIP-14 score was 23.98 ± 12.55. Patients with hyposalivation had 56% higher (worse) mean OHIP-14 total scores (CI:1.11-2.18) and patients with advanced stage tumors had 31% higher mean OHIP-14 total scores (CI:1.03-1.66) in multivariate analyses. CONCLUSION:OHRQoL of survivors of head and neck cancer experienced a negative impact following radiotherapy. The impact was associated with hyposalivation and advanced stage tumors.
METHODS:BACKGROUND:To immunohistochemically evaluate the association between the presence of cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) and the tumour expression of podoplanin (PDPN) in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) and their association with clinicopathological variables. MATERIAL AND METHODS:A tissue microarray (TMA) with biopsy sections from patients diagnosed with HNSCC was stained with antibodies against the CAFs marker, α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), and PDPN. We subsequently evaluated their expression to determine the association between them and with clinicopathological variables including age, primary tumour site, TNM stage, and tumour differentiation grade. RESULTS:Positive reaction to α-SMA was observed in the tumour stroma, revealing spindle-shaped cells compatible with CAFs, which showed a high expression in 62% of cases and a significant association with laryngeal carcinomas, advanced clinical stages, and lower tumour differentiation (P ≤ 0.05). PDPN staining on tumour cells showed low expression in 72% of cases, and it was not associated with any clinicopathological variable or with the presence of CAFs. CONCLUSIONS:The presence of CAFs in the tumour stroma is related to an aggressive phenotype and could increase as the disease progresses, although based on our findings, it would have no relationship, at least directly, with the expression of PDPN.