Salvage Chemotherapy Following Osimertinib in Non-small Cell Lung Cancer Harboring Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Mutation.
- 作者列表："Tone M","Inomata M","Awano N","Kuse N","Jo T","Yoshimura H","Minami J","Takada K","Miyamoto S","Izumo T
AIM:The current study reports the type of salvage chemotherapy following osimertinib and its treatment efficacy in patients with non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) who acquire resistance to osimertinib. PATIENTS AND METHODS:In this retrospective cohort study, data from the medical charts of 40 patients with NSCLC treated with osimertinib were obtained, primarily focusing on 14 undergoing salvage chemotherapy including epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR-TKI) or cytotoxic agents immediately following osimertinib. The treatment efficacy of salvage chemotherapy was evaluated. RESULTS:Five and nine patients received EGFR-TKI and cytotoxic agents following osimertinib, respectively. The overall response rate to EGFR-TKI treatment following osimertinib tended to be lower than that for cytotoxic agents (0% vs. 44.4%). The median progression-free-survival was significantly poorer in patients receiving EGFR-TKI treatment than in those receiving cytotoxic agents. CONCLUSION:Cytotoxic agent administration should be considered more frequently than EGFR-TKIs for patients with NSCLC resistant to osimertinib.
目的: 目前的研究报道了 osimertinib 后挽救性化疗的类型及其对 osimertinib 耐药的非小细胞肺癌 (NSCLC) 患者的治疗效果。 患者和方法: 在这项回顾性队列研究中，获得了 40 例接受奥希替尼治疗的 NSCLC 患者的医疗图表数据,主要关注接受挽救性化疗的 14 例，包括表皮生长因子受体-酪氨酸激酶抑制剂 (EGFR-TKI) 或 osimertinib 后立即使用细胞毒性药物。评价挽救性化疗的疗效。 结果: 分别有 5 例和 9 例患者在奥希替尼治疗后接受了 EGFR-TKI 和细胞毒性药物治疗。Osimertinib 治疗后对 EGFR-TKI 治疗的总体反应率倾向于低于细胞毒性药物 (0% vs. 44.4%)。接受 EGFR-TKI 治疗的患者的中位无进展生存期显著低于接受细胞毒性药物治疗的患者。 结论: 对于 osimertinib 耐药的 NSCLC 患者，应该比 EGFR-TKIs 更频繁地考虑使用细胞毒性药物。
METHODS:BACKGROUND:The objectives of this study are to assess the chest drainage volumes of patients undergoing anatomic resection of non-small cell lung carcinoma and to determine the safety and effectiveness of administering enoxaparin for thromboprophylaxis. METHODS:A total of 77 patients were included in the study. A study was conducted on the first group of 42 patients in which enoxaparin prophylaxis (enoxaparin, 40 mg) was subcutaneously injected once a day for a period of three days after the patients underwent anatomic pulmonary resection between March 2016 and March 2018. An enoxaparin-free group was identified and included 35 patients who received no enoxaparin prophylaxis after undergoing anatomic pulmonary resection between February 2013 and February 2016. We compared the changes in hemoglobin (Hb) levels, postoperative 3-day drainage volume, transfusion volume, pulmonary complications and length of stay between the two groups. RESULTS:No differences in postoperative Hb levels, chest drainage volume, transfusion volume, postoperative complications, and length of stay were observed between the two groups. Deep-vein thrombosis was noted in a patient in the enoxaparin-free group. No major bleeding was noted in either group. CONCLUSION:We found that for patients undergoing anatomic resection of primary lung cancer, the blood transfusion and chest drainage volumes did not differ, regardless of whether the patients were given enoxaparin. To the best of our knowledge, the impact of low-molecular-weight heparin on chest tube drainage volume for patients undergoing anatomic resection of non-small cell lung carcinoma has not been investigated before.
METHODS::The aim of the present study was to compare the safety and efficacy of cryoablation (CA) and microwave ablation (MWA) as treatments for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Patients with stage IIIB or IV NSCLC treated with CA (n=45) or MWA (n=56) were enrolled in the present study. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS); the secondary endpoints included overall survival (OS) time and adverse events (AEs). The median PFS times between the two groups were not significantly different (P=0.36): CA, 10 months [95% confidence interval (CI), 7.5-12.4] vs. MWA, 11 months (95% CI, 9.5-12.4). The OS times between the two groups were also not significantly different (P=0.07): CA, 27.5 months (95% CI, 22.8-31.2 months) vs. MWA, 18 months (95% CI, 12.5-23.5). For larger tumors (>3 cm), patients treated with MWA had significantly longer median PFS (P=0.04; MWA, 10.5 months vs. CA, 7.0 months) and OS times (P=0.04; MWA, 24.5 months vs. CA, 14.5 months) compared patients treated with CA. However, for smaller tumors (≤3 cm), median PFS (P=0.79; MWA, 11.0 months vs. CA, 13.0 months) and OS times (P=0.39; MWA, 30.0 months vs. CA, 26.5 months) between the two groups did not differ significantly. The incidence rates of AEs were similar in the two groups (P>0.05). The number of applicators, tumor size and length of the lung traversed by applicators were associated with a higher risk of pneumothorax and intra-pulmonary hemorrhage in the two groups. Treatment with CA resulted in significantly less intraprocedural pain compared with treatment with MWA (P=0.001). Overall, the present study demonstrated that CA and MWA were comparably safe and effective procedures for the treatment of small tumors. However, treatment with MWA was superior compared with CA for the treatment of large tumors.
METHODS:BACKGROUND:BRAF mutations occurring in 1%-5% of patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) are therapeutic targets for these cancers but the impact of the exact mutation on clinical activity is unclear. The French National Cancer Institute (INCA) launched the AcSé vemurafenib trial to assess the efficacy and safety of vemurafenib in cancers with various BRAF mutations. We herein report the results of the NSCLC cohort. PATIENTS AND METHODS:Tumour samples were screened for BRAF mutations in INCA-certified molecular genetic centres. Patients with BRAF-mutated tumours progressing after ≥1 line of treatment were proposed vemurafenib 960 mg twice daily. Between October 2014 and July 2018, 118 patients were enrolled in the NSCLC cohort. The primary outcome was the objective response rate (ORR) assessed every 8 weeks (RECIST v1.1). A sequential Bayesian approach was planned with an inefficacy bound of 10% for ORR. If no early stopping occurred, the treatment was of interest if the estimated ORR was ≥30% with a 90% probability. Secondary outcomes were tolerance, response duration, progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS). RESULTS:Of the 118 patients enrolled, 101 presented with a BRAFV600 mutation and 17 with BRAFnonV600 mutations; the median follow-up was 23.9 months. In the BRAFnonV600 cohort, no objective response was observed and this cohort was stopped. In the BRAFV600 cohort, 43/96 patients had objective responses. The mean Bayesian estimated success rate was 44.9% [95% confidence intervals (CI) 35.2%-54.8%]. The ORR had a 99.9% probability of being ≥30%. Median response duration was 6.4 months, median PFS was 5.2 months (95% CI 3.8-6.8), and OS was 10 months (95% CI 6.8-15.7). The vemurafenib safety profile was consistent with previous publications. CONCLUSION:Routine biomarker screening of NSCLC should include BRAFV600 mutations. Vemurafenib monotherapy is effective for treating patients with BRAFV600-mutated NSCLC but not those with BRAFnonV600 mutations. TRIAL REGISTRATION:ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02304809.