circFOXM1 promotes proliferation of non-small cell lung carcinoma cells by acting as a ceRNA to upregulate FAM83D
CircFOXM1 通过作为 ceRNA 上调 FAM83D 促进非小细胞肺癌细胞增殖
- 作者列表："Chengtao Yu","Zhuoan Cheng","Shaohua Cui","Xiaowei Mao","Botai Li","Yujie Fu","Hui Wang","Haojie Jin","Qing Ye","Xiaojing Zhao","Liyan Jiang","Wenxin Qin
Abstract Background Biological role and clinical significance of circular RNAs (circRNAs) remain largely unknown. Herein, we aimed to investigate biological function, molecular mechanism, and clinical significance of a circular RNA FOXM1 (circFOXM1) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods Expression of circFOXM1 was measured in 48 paired samples of NSCLC by qRT-PCR. Functional roles of circFOXM1 on tumor cells were explored by in vitro and in vivo assays. Transcriptome sequencing was employed to screen the molecules involved in circFOXM1 regulatory network. RNA immunoprecipitation, luciferase analysis, RNA pull-down, and rescue assay were used to investigate potential mechanisms of circFOXM1. Results We found that circFOXM1 was significantly upregulated in NSCLC tissues, and its upregulation was positively correlated with advanced clinical stage and poor prognosis of NSCLC patients. Gain or loss-of-function assay showed that circFOXM1 promoted cell proliferation and cell cycle progression. In vivo assays showed that silencing circFOXM1 inhibited xenograft tumor growth. Mechanically, transcriptome sequencing data indicated that silencing circFOXM1 led to the downregulation of cell cycle-related mRNAs. RNA pull-down and dual-luciferase reporter assay suggested that circFOXM1 could bind to miR-614, and FAM83D was an essential gene involved in the circFOXM1/miR-614 regulatory network. Conclusions circFOXM1promotes NSCLC progression by interacting with miR-614 and thus inactivating the function of miR-614, which will further release the suppression of FAM83D. circFOXM1/miR-614/FAM83D regulatory network may serve as a potential therapeutic target for NSCLC patients.
文摘背景环状 rna (circular RNAs，circRNAs) 的生物学作用和临床意义在很大程度上仍然未知。在此，我们旨在探讨环状 RNA FOXM1 (circFOXM1) 在非小细胞肺癌 (NSCLC) 中的生物学功能、分子机制和临床意义。方法采用 qRT-PCR 方法检测 48 例配对 NSCLC 标本中 circFOXM1 的表达。通过体外和体内试验探索 circFOXM1 对肿瘤细胞的功能作用。采用转录组测序筛选参与 circFOXM1 调控网络的分子。RNA 免疫沉淀、荧光素酶分析、 RNA 下拉和拯救试验被用来研究 circoxm1 的潜在机制。结果我们发现 circFOXM1 在 NSCLC 组织中显著上调，其上调与 NSCLC 患者的临床分期晚期和预后不良呈正相关。增益或功能丧失试验表明，circFOXM1 促进细胞增殖和细胞周期进程。体内试验表明沉默 circFOXM1 可抑制异种移植肿瘤生长。机械地，转录组测序数据表明沉默 circoxm1 导致细胞周期相关 mrna 的下调。RNA 下拉和双荧光素酶报告基因检测提示 circFOXM1 可以与 miR-614 结合，FAM83D 是参与 circFOXM1/miR-614 调控网络的必需基因。结论 circfoxm1 通过与 miR-614 相互作用促进 NSCLC 进展，从而使 miR-614 功能失活，从而进一步解除对 FAM83D 的抑制。circFOXM1/miR-614/FAM83D 调控网络可能作为 NSCLC 患者潜在的治疗靶点。
METHODS:BACKGROUND:The objectives of this study are to assess the chest drainage volumes of patients undergoing anatomic resection of non-small cell lung carcinoma and to determine the safety and effectiveness of administering enoxaparin for thromboprophylaxis. METHODS:A total of 77 patients were included in the study. A study was conducted on the first group of 42 patients in which enoxaparin prophylaxis (enoxaparin, 40 mg) was subcutaneously injected once a day for a period of three days after the patients underwent anatomic pulmonary resection between March 2016 and March 2018. An enoxaparin-free group was identified and included 35 patients who received no enoxaparin prophylaxis after undergoing anatomic pulmonary resection between February 2013 and February 2016. We compared the changes in hemoglobin (Hb) levels, postoperative 3-day drainage volume, transfusion volume, pulmonary complications and length of stay between the two groups. RESULTS:No differences in postoperative Hb levels, chest drainage volume, transfusion volume, postoperative complications, and length of stay were observed between the two groups. Deep-vein thrombosis was noted in a patient in the enoxaparin-free group. No major bleeding was noted in either group. CONCLUSION:We found that for patients undergoing anatomic resection of primary lung cancer, the blood transfusion and chest drainage volumes did not differ, regardless of whether the patients were given enoxaparin. To the best of our knowledge, the impact of low-molecular-weight heparin on chest tube drainage volume for patients undergoing anatomic resection of non-small cell lung carcinoma has not been investigated before.
METHODS::The aim of the present study was to compare the safety and efficacy of cryoablation (CA) and microwave ablation (MWA) as treatments for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Patients with stage IIIB or IV NSCLC treated with CA (n=45) or MWA (n=56) were enrolled in the present study. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS); the secondary endpoints included overall survival (OS) time and adverse events (AEs). The median PFS times between the two groups were not significantly different (P=0.36): CA, 10 months [95% confidence interval (CI), 7.5-12.4] vs. MWA, 11 months (95% CI, 9.5-12.4). The OS times between the two groups were also not significantly different (P=0.07): CA, 27.5 months (95% CI, 22.8-31.2 months) vs. MWA, 18 months (95% CI, 12.5-23.5). For larger tumors (>3 cm), patients treated with MWA had significantly longer median PFS (P=0.04; MWA, 10.5 months vs. CA, 7.0 months) and OS times (P=0.04; MWA, 24.5 months vs. CA, 14.5 months) compared patients treated with CA. However, for smaller tumors (≤3 cm), median PFS (P=0.79; MWA, 11.0 months vs. CA, 13.0 months) and OS times (P=0.39; MWA, 30.0 months vs. CA, 26.5 months) between the two groups did not differ significantly. The incidence rates of AEs were similar in the two groups (P>0.05). The number of applicators, tumor size and length of the lung traversed by applicators were associated with a higher risk of pneumothorax and intra-pulmonary hemorrhage in the two groups. Treatment with CA resulted in significantly less intraprocedural pain compared with treatment with MWA (P=0.001). Overall, the present study demonstrated that CA and MWA were comparably safe and effective procedures for the treatment of small tumors. However, treatment with MWA was superior compared with CA for the treatment of large tumors.
METHODS:BACKGROUND:BRAF mutations occurring in 1%-5% of patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) are therapeutic targets for these cancers but the impact of the exact mutation on clinical activity is unclear. The French National Cancer Institute (INCA) launched the AcSé vemurafenib trial to assess the efficacy and safety of vemurafenib in cancers with various BRAF mutations. We herein report the results of the NSCLC cohort. PATIENTS AND METHODS:Tumour samples were screened for BRAF mutations in INCA-certified molecular genetic centres. Patients with BRAF-mutated tumours progressing after ≥1 line of treatment were proposed vemurafenib 960 mg twice daily. Between October 2014 and July 2018, 118 patients were enrolled in the NSCLC cohort. The primary outcome was the objective response rate (ORR) assessed every 8 weeks (RECIST v1.1). A sequential Bayesian approach was planned with an inefficacy bound of 10% for ORR. If no early stopping occurred, the treatment was of interest if the estimated ORR was ≥30% with a 90% probability. Secondary outcomes were tolerance, response duration, progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS). RESULTS:Of the 118 patients enrolled, 101 presented with a BRAFV600 mutation and 17 with BRAFnonV600 mutations; the median follow-up was 23.9 months. In the BRAFnonV600 cohort, no objective response was observed and this cohort was stopped. In the BRAFV600 cohort, 43/96 patients had objective responses. The mean Bayesian estimated success rate was 44.9% [95% confidence intervals (CI) 35.2%-54.8%]. The ORR had a 99.9% probability of being ≥30%. Median response duration was 6.4 months, median PFS was 5.2 months (95% CI 3.8-6.8), and OS was 10 months (95% CI 6.8-15.7). The vemurafenib safety profile was consistent with previous publications. CONCLUSION:Routine biomarker screening of NSCLC should include BRAFV600 mutations. Vemurafenib monotherapy is effective for treating patients with BRAFV600-mutated NSCLC but not those with BRAFnonV600 mutations. TRIAL REGISTRATION:ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02304809.