- 作者列表："Choe CU","Niemann L","Englisch C","Petersen E","Buhmann C","Pötter-Nerger M","Blankenberg S","Gerloff C","Schwedhelm E","Zeller T
BACKGROUND:We assessed if cardiac blood markers are associated with motor and cognitive function in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS:High-sensitivity troponin I and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) were evaluated in 285 PD patients. Furthermore, N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide levels were analyzed in 570 age, sex and cardiovascular risk factor matched healthy controls. Motor (UPDRS, Hoehn &Yahr) and cognitive function (Montreal Cognitive Assessemtn) were assessed at baseline in all 285 patients and after 1 year in 101 patients. RESULTS:N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide were significantly increased in 285 PD patients compared with 570 matched healthy controls. In PD patients, increased high-sensitivity troponin I and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide levels were associated with worse motor function at baseline and also with motor decline after 1 year. N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide and high-sensitivity troponin I were inversely associated with cognitive function at baseline only in unadjusted models. CONCLUSIONS:Subclinical cardiac microdamage is associated with motor severity in PD patients. © 2020 The Authors. Movement Disorders published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society.
背景: 我们评估了帕金森病 (PD) 患者的心脏血液标志物是否与运动和认知功能相关。 方法: 对 285 例 PD 患者进行高敏肌钙蛋白 I 和 N 末端 b型利钠肽原 (NT-proBNP) 检测。此外，分析了 570 例年龄、性别和心血管危险因素匹配的健康对照者的 N 末端 b型利钠肽前体水平。在所有 285 例患者的基线和 101 例患者的 1 年后评估了运动 (UPDRS 、 Hoehn & Yahr) 和认知功能 (蒙特利尔认知评估量表)。 结果: 与 285 例匹配的健康对照组相比，570 例 PD 患者的 N 末端 b型利钠肽前体显著升高。在 PD 患者中，高敏肌钙蛋白 I 和 N 末端 b型利钠肽前体水平升高与基线时运动功能较差相关，1 年后也与运动下降相关。N 末端 b型钠尿肽前体和高敏肌钙蛋白 I 仅在未校正的模型中与基线时的认知功能呈负相关。 结论: 亚临床心脏微损伤与 PD 患者运动严重程度相关。©2020 提交人。由 Wiley 期刊公司代表国际帕金森和运动障碍协会出版的运动障碍。
METHODS::Identifying disease-causing pathways and drugs that target them in Parkinson's disease (PD) has remained challenging. We uncovered a PD-relevant pathway in which the stress-regulated heterodimeric transcription complex CHOP/ATF4 induces the neuron prodeath protein Trib3 that in turn depletes the neuronal survival protein Parkin. Here we sought to determine whether the drug adaptaquin, which inhibits ATF4-dependent transcription, could suppress Trib3 induction and neuronal death in cellular and animal models of PD. Neuronal PC12 cells and ventral midbrain dopaminergic neurons were assessed in vitro for survival, transcription factor levels and Trib3 or Parkin expression after exposure to 6-hydroxydopamine or 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium with or without adaptaquin co-treatment. 6-hydroxydopamine injection into the medial forebrain bundle was used to examine the effects of systemic adaptaquin on signaling, substantia nigra dopaminergic neuron survival and striatal projections as well as motor behavior. In both culture and animal models, adaptaquin suppressed elevation of ATF4 and/or CHOP and induction of Trib3 in response to 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium and/or 6-hydroxydopamine. In culture, adaptaquin preserved Parkin levels, provided neuroprotection and preserved morphology. In the mouse model, adaptaquin treatment enhanced survival of dopaminergic neurons and substantially protected their striatal projections. It also significantly enhanced retention of nigrostriatal function. These findings define a novel pharmacological approach involving the drug adaptaquin, a selective modulator of hypoxic adaptation, for suppressing Parkin loss and neurodegeneration in toxin models of PD. As adaptaquin possesses an oxyquinoline backbone with known safety in humans, these findings provide a firm rationale for advancing it towards clinical evaluation in PD.
METHODS::Huntington's disease (HD) is an inherited progressive neurodegenerative disease characterized by brain atrophy particularly in the striatum that produces motor impairment, and cognitive and psychiatric disturbances. Multiple pathogenic mechanisms have been proposed including dysfunctions in neurotrophic support and calpain-overactivation, among others. Kinase D-interacting substrate of 220 kDa (Kidins220), also known as ankyrin repeat-rich membrane spanning (ARMS), is an essential mediator of neurotrophin signaling. In adult brain, Kidins220 presents two main isoforms that differ in their carboxy-terminal length and critical protein-protein interaction domains. These variants are generated through alternative terminal exon splicing of the conventional exon 32 (Kidins220-C32) and the recently identified exon 33 (Kidins220-C33). The lack of domains encoded by exon 32 involved in key neuronal functions, including those controlling neurotrophin pathways, pointed to Kidins220-C33 as a form detrimental for neurons. However, the functional role of Kidins220-C33 in neurodegeneration or other pathologies, including HD, has not been explored. In the present work, we discover an unexpected selective downregulation of Kidins220-C33, in the striatum of HD patients, as well as in the R6/1 HD mouse model starting at early symptomatic stages. These changes are C33-specific as Kidins220-C32 variant remains unchanged. We also find the early decrease in Kidins220-C33 levels takes place in neurons, suggesting an unanticipated neuroprotective role for this isoform. Finally, using ex vivo assays and primary neurons, we demonstrate that Kidins220-C33 is downregulated by mechanisms that depend on the activation of the protease calpain. Altogether, these results strongly suggest that calpain-mediated Kidins220-C33 proteolysis modulates onset and/or progression of HD.
METHODS:BACKGROUND:Neuroinflammation has been recognized as an important factor in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). One of the most recognized pathways in mediating neuroinflammation is the prostaglandin E2-EP1 receptor pathway. OBJECTIVE:Here, we examined the efficacy of the selective EP1 antagonist ONO-8713 in limiting amyloid-β (Aβ), lesion volumes, and behavioral indexes in AD mouse models after ischemic stroke. METHODS:Transgenic APP/PS1, 3xTgAD, and wildtype (WT) mice were subjected to permanent distal middle cerebral artery occlusion (pdMCAO) and sham surgeries. Functional outcomes, memory, anatomical outcomes, and Aβ concentrations were assessed 14 days after surgery. RESULTS:pdMCAO resulted in significant deterioration in functional and anatomical outcomes in the transgenic mice compared with the WT mice. No relevant differences were observed in the behavioral tests when comparing the ONO-8713 and vehicle-treated groups. Significantly lower cavitation (p = 0.0373) and percent tissue loss (p = 0.0247) were observed in APP/PS1 + ONO-8713 mice compared with the WT + ONO-8713 mice. However, the percent tissue injury was significantly higher in APP/PS1 + ONO-8713 mice compared with WT + ONO-8713 group (p = 0.0373). Percent tissue loss was also significantly lower in the 3xTgAD + ONO-8713 mice than in the WT + ONO-8713 mice (p = 0.0185). ONO-8713 treatment also attenuated cortical microgliosis in APP/PS1 mice as compared with the vehicle (p = 0.0079); however, no differences were observed in astrogliosis across the groups. Finally, APP/PS1 mice presented characteristic Aβ load in the cortex while 3xTgAD mice exhibited very low Aβ levels. CONCLUSION:In conclusion, under the experimental conditions, EP1 receptor antagonist ONO-8713 showed modest benefits on anatomical outcomes after stroke, mainly in APP/PS1 mice.