Prevalence and risk factors of medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw in osteoporotic and breast cancer patients: a cross-sectional study.
- 作者列表："Soares AL","Simon S","Gebrim LH","Nazário ACP","Lazaretti-Castro M
PURPOSE:Medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) has been reported as a side effect of bisphosphonate (BP). The aim of this study was to identify the prevalence of MRONJ in women taking BP for osteoporosis and for metastatic breast cancer and correlate it with risk factors and biochemical markers of bone metabolism. METHODS:Patients taking oral or intravenous BP with osteoporosis (G1; n = 153; median 72.8 years) and with metastatic breast cancer (G2; n = 134; median 58.2 years) had their hospital charts reviewed, were submitted to dental inspection, and answered a health questionnaire. Fasting blood samples were randomly collected from both groups to measure osteocalcin, carboxy-terminal cross-linking telopeptide of type I collagen, intact parathyroid hormone and procollagen type 1 amino-terminal propeptide (P1NP), 25 hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD), creatinine, and total calcium. RESULTS:G1 was older (p = 0.001) and had more cases of diabetes (p = 0.043). P1NP was higher (p = 0.022) and 25OHD lower (p = 0.004) in G2 compared with G1. MRONJ was not found in the G1, whereas 4 cases (3%) were detected in G2. Positive risk factors for MRONJ were number of BP doses and number of visits to the dentist and dental extractions. The biochemical parameters, however, could not identify those who developed MRONJ. CONCLUSIONS:The prevalence of MRONJ was 3% in women with metastatic breast cancer receiving BP. No cases were identified in women receiving oral BP chronically for osteoporosis. P1NP was higher in women with metastatic breast cancer, even during treatment with antiresorptives, but could not differentiate those with MRONJ.
目的: 药物相关的颌骨坏死 (MRONJ) 已被报道为双膦酸盐 (BP) 的副作用。本研究的目的是确定因骨质疏松和转移性乳腺癌服用BP的女性中MRONJ的患病率，并将其与骨代谢的危险因素和生化标志物相关联。 方法: 患有骨质疏松症 (G1; N = 153; 中位数 72.8 年) 和转移性乳腺癌 (G2; N = 134; 中位数 58.2 年) 的患者口服或静脉注射BP审查了他们的医院图表，提交了牙科检查，并回答了健康问卷。两组均随机抽取空腹血标本，测定骨钙素、 ⅰ 型胶原羧基端交联端肽、全段甲状旁腺激素和 ⅰ 型前胶原氨基端前肽 (P1NP)，25 羟维生素d (25OHD) 、肌酐和总钙。 结果: G1 组年龄较大 (p = 0.001)，糖尿病患者较多 (p = 0.043)。与g1 相比，G2 组P1NP较高 (p = 0.022)，25OHD较低 (p = 0.004)。G1 期未发现MRONJ，而g2 期检出 4 例 (3%)。MRONJ的阳性危险因素是BP剂量的数量和去看牙医和拔牙的次数。然而，生化参数不能确定发生MRONJ的人。 结论: 接受BP治疗的转移性乳腺癌女性中，MRONJ的患病率为 3%。在因骨质疏松而长期接受口服BP的妇女中，未发现病例。P1NP在转移性乳腺癌女性患者中较高，即使在使用抗受体药物治疗期间，但无法区分MRONJ患者。
METHODS:BACKGROUND:The anterior oronasal fistulae neighboring the alveolar cleft could persist or reappear after the alveolar reconstruction with cancellous bone grafting. The persistent symptomatic anterior oronasal fistulae need to be repaired, but surgery remains a challenge in cleft care. Surprisingly, this issue has rarely been reported in the literature. The purpose of this long-term study was to report a single surgeon experience with a therapeutic protocol for persistent symptomatic anterior oronasal fistula repair. METHODS:This is a retrospective study of consecutive patients with Veau type III and IV clefts and persistent symptomatic anterior oronasal fistulae managed according to a therapeutic protocol from 1997 to 2018. Depending on fistula size, patients were treated with local flaps associated with an interpositional graft or two-stage tongue flaps (small/medium or large fistulae, respectively). The surgical outcomes were classified as "good" (complete fistula closure with no symptoms), "fair" (asymptomatic narrow fistula remained), or "poor" (failure with persistent symptoms). RESULTS:Forty-four patients with persistent symptomatic anterior oronasal fistulae were reconstructed with local flaps associated with interpositional fascia or dermal fat grafting (52.3%) or two-stage tongue flaps (47.7%). Most of patients (93.2%) presented "good" outcomes, ranging from 87% to 100% (local and tongue flaps, respectively). Three (6.8%) patients presented symptomatic residual fistula ("poor" outcomes). CONCLUSIONS:For the repair of persistent symptomatic anterior oronasal fistulae, this therapeutic protocol provided satisfactory outcome with low fistula recurrence rate.
METHODS:OBJECTIVE:Methadone is a vital treatment for women with opioid use disorder in pregnancy. Previous reports suggested an association between methadone exposure and Pierre Robin sequence (PRS), a rare craniofacial anomaly. We assessed the association between gestational methadone exposure and PRS. DESIGN/SETTING:This case-malformed control study used European Surveillance of Congenital Anomalies population-based registries in Ireland, the Netherlands, Italy, Switzerland, Croatia, Malta, Portugal, Germany, Wales, Norway and Spain, 1995-2011. PATIENTS:Cases included PRS based on International Classification of Disease (ICD), Ninth Edition-British Paediatric Association (BPA) code 75 603 or ICD, Tenth Edition-BPA code Q8708. Malformed controls were all non-PRS anomalies, excluding genetic conditions, among live births, fetal deaths from 20 weeks' gestation and terminations of pregnancy for fetal anomalies. An exploratory analysis assessed the association between methadone exposure and other congenital anomalies (CAs) excluding PRS. Methadone exposure was ascertained from medical records and maternal interview. RESULTS:Among 87 979 CA registrations, there were 127 methadone-exposed pregnancies and 336 PRS cases. There was an association between methadone exposure and PRS (OR adjusted for registry 12.3, 95% CI 5.7 to 26.8). In absolute terms, this association reflects a risk increase from approximately 1-12 cases per 10 000 births. A raised OR was found for cleft palate (adjusted OR 5.0, 95% CI 2.7 to 9.2). CONCLUSIONS:These findings suggest that gestational methadone exposure is associated with PRS. The association may be explained by unmeasured confounding factors. The small increased risk of PRS in itself does not alter the risk-benefit balance for gestational methadone use. The association with cleft palate, a more common CA, should be assessed with independent data.
METHODS::Orthopedic treatment to improve deficient maxillary growth of cleft lip and palate patients is an important part of treatment. The success of this treatment is strongly dependent on the time of initiation of therapy. There has been a large controversy in the available literature regarding the skeletal age of these patients. The aim of the present study was to compare the skeletal age of cleft lip and palate patients with normal individuals.37 unilateral and 14 bilateral cleft lip and palate patients and 47 healthy individuals participated in this cross-sectional study. The patients were classified into 8 to 10 and 11 to 14-year-old individuals. Cervical vertebral maturational stage of participants was evaluated in the lateral cephalometry. The skeletal age of cleft lip and palate patients was compared with normal controls. Chi-square was used for statistical analysis. There was not a significant difference in the skeletal developmental stage of unilateral and bilateral cleft compared to their normal peers according to their age and sex. Also, significant difference in skeletal maturational stage of cleft lip and palate patients was not found between boys and girls (P = 0.8). Similarly, no significant difference was found in the skeletal age of the 3 studied groups without considering the age and sex of participants (P = 0.5). Regarding the similar skeletal maturational stage of cleft lip and palate patients with normal controls in our study, their maxillofacial orthopedic treatment can be initiated at similar time to normal peers.