Diagnosis of cystic lesions using panoramic and cone beam computed tomographic images based on deep learning neural network.
- 作者列表："Lee JH","Kim DH","Jeong SN
OBJECTIVES:The aim of the current study was to evaluate the detection and diagnosis of three types of odontogenic cystic lesions (OCLs)-odontogenic keratocysts, dentigerous cysts, and periapical cysts-using dental panoramic radiography and cone beam computed tomographic (CBCT) images based on a deep convolutional neural network (CNN). METHODS:The GoogLeNet Inception-v3 architecture was used to enhance the overall performance of the detection and diagnosis of OCLs based on transfer learning. Diagnostic indices (area under the ROC curve [AUC], sensitivity, specificity, and confusion matrix with and without normalization) were calculated and compared between pretrained models using panoramic and CBCT images. RESULTS:The pretrained model using CBCT images showed good diagnostic performance (AUC = 0.914, sensitivity = 96.1%, specificity = 77.1%), which was significantly greater than that achieved by other models using panoramic images (AUC = 0.847, sensitivity = 88.2%, specificity = 77.0%) (p = .014). CONCLUSIONS:This study demonstrated that panoramic and CBCT image datasets, comprising three types of odontogenic OCLs, are effectively detected and diagnosed based on the deep CNN architecture. In particular, we found that the deep CNN architecture trained with CBCT images achieved higher diagnostic performance than that trained with panoramic images.
目的: 本研究的目的是评估三种牙源性囊性病变 (OCLs) 的检测和诊断 -- 牙源性角化囊肿、含牙囊肿、和根尖囊肿-使用基于深度卷积神经网络 (CNN) 的牙科全景摄影和锥形束计算机断层扫描 (CBCT) 图像。 方法: 采用GoogLeNet Inception-v3 体系结构，增强基于迁移学习的OCLs检测和诊断的整体性能。使用全景和CBCT图像计算和比较预训练模型之间的诊断指数 (ROC曲线下面积 [AUC] 、灵敏度、特异性和混淆矩阵，有无归一化)。 结果: 使用CBCT图像的预训练模型显示了良好的诊断性能 (AUC = 0.914，灵敏度 = 96.1%，特异度 = 77.1%)，显著大于使用全景图像的其他模型 (AUC = 0.847，灵敏度 = 88.2%，特异性 = 77.0%) (p = .014)。 结论: 本研究证明了全景和CBCT图像数据集，包括三种类型的牙源性OCLs，是基于深度CNN架构有效检测和诊断的。特别是，我们发现用CBCT图像训练的deep CNN架构比用全景图像训练的架构获得了更高的诊断性能。
METHODS:BACKGROUND:The anterior oronasal fistulae neighboring the alveolar cleft could persist or reappear after the alveolar reconstruction with cancellous bone grafting. The persistent symptomatic anterior oronasal fistulae need to be repaired, but surgery remains a challenge in cleft care. Surprisingly, this issue has rarely been reported in the literature. The purpose of this long-term study was to report a single surgeon experience with a therapeutic protocol for persistent symptomatic anterior oronasal fistula repair. METHODS:This is a retrospective study of consecutive patients with Veau type III and IV clefts and persistent symptomatic anterior oronasal fistulae managed according to a therapeutic protocol from 1997 to 2018. Depending on fistula size, patients were treated with local flaps associated with an interpositional graft or two-stage tongue flaps (small/medium or large fistulae, respectively). The surgical outcomes were classified as "good" (complete fistula closure with no symptoms), "fair" (asymptomatic narrow fistula remained), or "poor" (failure with persistent symptoms). RESULTS:Forty-four patients with persistent symptomatic anterior oronasal fistulae were reconstructed with local flaps associated with interpositional fascia or dermal fat grafting (52.3%) or two-stage tongue flaps (47.7%). Most of patients (93.2%) presented "good" outcomes, ranging from 87% to 100% (local and tongue flaps, respectively). Three (6.8%) patients presented symptomatic residual fistula ("poor" outcomes). CONCLUSIONS:For the repair of persistent symptomatic anterior oronasal fistulae, this therapeutic protocol provided satisfactory outcome with low fistula recurrence rate.
METHODS:OBJECTIVE:Methadone is a vital treatment for women with opioid use disorder in pregnancy. Previous reports suggested an association between methadone exposure and Pierre Robin sequence (PRS), a rare craniofacial anomaly. We assessed the association between gestational methadone exposure and PRS. DESIGN/SETTING:This case-malformed control study used European Surveillance of Congenital Anomalies population-based registries in Ireland, the Netherlands, Italy, Switzerland, Croatia, Malta, Portugal, Germany, Wales, Norway and Spain, 1995-2011. PATIENTS:Cases included PRS based on International Classification of Disease (ICD), Ninth Edition-British Paediatric Association (BPA) code 75 603 or ICD, Tenth Edition-BPA code Q8708. Malformed controls were all non-PRS anomalies, excluding genetic conditions, among live births, fetal deaths from 20 weeks' gestation and terminations of pregnancy for fetal anomalies. An exploratory analysis assessed the association between methadone exposure and other congenital anomalies (CAs) excluding PRS. Methadone exposure was ascertained from medical records and maternal interview. RESULTS:Among 87 979 CA registrations, there were 127 methadone-exposed pregnancies and 336 PRS cases. There was an association between methadone exposure and PRS (OR adjusted for registry 12.3, 95% CI 5.7 to 26.8). In absolute terms, this association reflects a risk increase from approximately 1-12 cases per 10 000 births. A raised OR was found for cleft palate (adjusted OR 5.0, 95% CI 2.7 to 9.2). CONCLUSIONS:These findings suggest that gestational methadone exposure is associated with PRS. The association may be explained by unmeasured confounding factors. The small increased risk of PRS in itself does not alter the risk-benefit balance for gestational methadone use. The association with cleft palate, a more common CA, should be assessed with independent data.
METHODS::Orthopedic treatment to improve deficient maxillary growth of cleft lip and palate patients is an important part of treatment. The success of this treatment is strongly dependent on the time of initiation of therapy. There has been a large controversy in the available literature regarding the skeletal age of these patients. The aim of the present study was to compare the skeletal age of cleft lip and palate patients with normal individuals.37 unilateral and 14 bilateral cleft lip and palate patients and 47 healthy individuals participated in this cross-sectional study. The patients were classified into 8 to 10 and 11 to 14-year-old individuals. Cervical vertebral maturational stage of participants was evaluated in the lateral cephalometry. The skeletal age of cleft lip and palate patients was compared with normal controls. Chi-square was used for statistical analysis. There was not a significant difference in the skeletal developmental stage of unilateral and bilateral cleft compared to their normal peers according to their age and sex. Also, significant difference in skeletal maturational stage of cleft lip and palate patients was not found between boys and girls (P = 0.8). Similarly, no significant difference was found in the skeletal age of the 3 studied groups without considering the age and sex of participants (P = 0.5). Regarding the similar skeletal maturational stage of cleft lip and palate patients with normal controls in our study, their maxillofacial orthopedic treatment can be initiated at similar time to normal peers.