TMEM100 expression suppresses metastasis and enhances sensitivity to chemotherapy in gastric cancer.
- 作者列表："Zhuang J","Huang Y","Zheng W","Yang S","Zhu G","Wang J","Lin X","Ye J
:The gene encoding transmembrane protein 100 (TMEM100) was first discovered to be transcribed by the murine genome. It has been recently proven that TMEM100 contributes to hepatocellular carcinoma and non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC). This study investigates the impact of TMEM100 expression on gastric cancer (GC). TMEM100 expression was remarkably downregulated in GC samples compared to the surrounding non-malignant tissues (p < 0.01). Excessive TMEM100 expression prohibited the migration and invasion of GC cells without influencing their growth. However, TMEM100 knockdown restored their migration and invasion potential. Additionally, TMEM100 expression restored the sensitivity of GC cells to chemotherapeutic drugs such as 5-fluouracil (5-FU) and cisplatin. In terms of TMEM100 modulation, it was revealed that BMP9 rather than BMP10, is the upstream modulator of TM3M100. HIF1α downregulation modulated the impact of TMEM100 on cell migration, chemotherapy sensitivity and invasion in GC cells. Eventually, the in vivo examination of TMEM100 activity revealed that its upregulation prohibits the pulmonary metastasis of GC cells and increases the sensitivity of xenograft tumors to 5-FU treatment. In conclusion, TMEM100 serves as a tumor suppressor in GC and could be used as a promising target for the treatment of GC and as a predictor of GC clinical outcome.
: 编码跨膜蛋白 100 (TMEM100) 的基因首次被发现由鼠基因组转录。最近已经证明 TMEM100 有助于肝细胞癌和非小细胞肺癌 (NSCLC)。本研究探讨 TMEM100 表达对胃癌 (GC) 的影响。与周围非恶性组织相比，GC 样本中 TMEM100 表达显著下调 (p
METHODS::Diffuse gastric cancer (DGC) is a lethal malignancy lacking effective systemic therapy. Among the most provocative recent results in DGC has been that the alter of the cellular cytoskeleton and intercellular adhesion. CD2-associated protein (CD2AP) is one of the critical proteins regulating cytoskeleton assembly and intercellular adhesion. However, no study has investigated the expression and biological significance of CD2AP in gastric cancer (GC) to date. Therefore, the aim of our study was to explore if the expression of CD2AP is associated with any clinical features of GC and to elucidate the underlying mechanism. Immunohistochemistry of 620 patient tissue samples indicated that the expression of CD2AP is downregulated in DGC. Moreover, a low CD2AP level was indicative of poor patient prognosis. In vitro, forced expression of CD2AP caused a significant decrease in the migration and invasion of GC cells, whereas depletion of CD2AP had the opposite effect. Immunofluorescence analysis indicated that CD2AP promoted cellular adhesion and influenced cell cytoskeleton assembly via interaction with the F-actin capping protein CAPZA1. Overall, the upregulation of CD2AP could attenuate GC metastasis, suggesting CD2AP as a novel biomarker for the prognosis and treatment of patients with GC.
METHODS::Aim: To identify the methylated-differentially expressed genes (MDEGs) that may serve as diagnostic markers and therapeutic targets in Epstein-Barr virus-associated gastric cancer (EBVaGC) and to explore the methylation-based pathways for elucidating biological mechanisms of EBVaGC. Materials & methods: Gene expression and methylation profiles were downloaded from GEO database. MDEGs were identified by GEO2R. Pathway enrichment analyses were conducted based on DAVID database. Hub genes were identified by Cytoscape, which were further verified by The Cancer Genome Atlas database. Results: A total of 367 hypermethylated, lowly expressed genes were enriched in specific patterns of cell differentiation. 31 hypomethylated, highly expressed genes demonstrated enrichment in regulation of immune system process. After validation using The Cancer Genome Atlas database, seven genes were confirmed to be significantly different hub genes in EBVaGC. Conclusion: EBVaGC-specific MDEGs and pathways can be served as potential biomarkers for precise diagnosis and treatment of EBVaGC and provide novel insights into the mechanisms involved.
METHODS:Gastric adenocarcinoma, like other cancers, is a multifactorial genetic disease, andmetastasis of cancer cells is one of the main features of this illness. The expressionlevels of the CFL1 gene have been modulated in this pathway. Using small interferingRNA (siRNA) in the treatment of gastric cancer is considered a hopeful genetherapeutic approach. The present study reported the level of CFL1 genes betweentumor and margin and healthy tissue of gastric cancer. Also, the features of a cationicnanoparticle with a polymer coating containing polyacrylic acid and polyethylenei-mine that were used in the delivery of CFL1 siRNA, were shown. Then thecytotoxicity, cellular uptake, and gene silencing efficiency of this nanoparticle wereevaluated with CFL1siRNA. Method:In this study, the CFL1 gene expression was measured in 40 gastricadenocarcinoma, marginal and 15 healthy biopsy samples by a real‐time polymerasechain reaction. Physicochemical characteristics, apoptosis, and inhibition of migrationof the delivery of CFL1 siRNA by nanoparticle and lipofectamine were investigated ingastric cancer cells. Result:The CFL1 expression was remarkably increased in gastric cancer tissues incomparison with the marginal samples and normal tissues (p< .05) and the biomarkerindex for CFL1 was obtained as 0.94, then this gene can be probably used as abiomarker for gastric cancer. After treatment of the AGS cell line by CFL1 siRNA, theCFL1 expression level of mRNA and migration in AGS cells were remarkablysuppressed after transfection. Furthermore, the amount of apoptosis increased(p< .05). Conclusion:Our results demonstrated that CFL1 downregulation in AGS cells caninterdict cell migration. Finally, our outcomes propose that CFL1 can function as anoncogenic gene in gastric cancer and would be considered as a potential purpose ofgene therapy for gastric cancer treatment