Successful Treatment of In-Transit Metastatic Melanoma in a Renal Transplant Patient With Combination T-VEC/Imiquimod Immunotherapy.
联合 T-VEC/咪喹莫特免疫治疗成功治疗 1 例肾移植患者的转运中转移性黑色素瘤。
- 作者列表："Sunshine JC","Sosman J","Shetty A","Choi JN
:In the era of immunotherapy for cancer, solid organ transplant patients who go on to develop metastatic or locally advanced melanoma offer particularly difficult challenges. New approaches are needed for these patients. We present a case of in-transit metastatic melanoma in a renal transplant patient. The patient was initially managed with talimogene laherparepvec (T-VEC) injections alone with continued local progression. Addition of topical imiquimod 5% cream to intralesional T-VEC resulted in a rapid and dramatic response, with complete clearance of the cutaneous in-transit metastases and without any sign of organ rejection. In solid organ transplant patients who lack surgical options and are not eligible for treatment with a BRAF inhibitor, and for whom treatment with checkpoint inhibitors present risk of organ rejection, T-VEC either alone or in combination with topical imiquimod should be considered for patients with locally advanced disease. This combination should be a consideration, with close observation, in patients with a history of organ transplantation and immunosuppression.
: 在癌症免疫治疗的时代，实体器官移植患者继续发展为转移性或局部晚期黑色素瘤提供了特别困难的挑战。这些患者需要新的治疗方法。我们介绍了 1 例肾移植患者的转运中转移性黑色素瘤。患者最初采用 talimogene laherparepec (T-VEC) 单独注射治疗，持续局部进展。在病灶内的 T-VEC 中加入外用咪喹莫特 5% 乳膏可产生快速而显著的反应，完全清除皮肤转运中转移灶，无任何器官排斥迹象。在缺乏手术选择且不符合 BRAF 抑制剂治疗条件的实体器官移植患者中，对他们来说，使用检查点抑制剂治疗存在器官排斥的风险,局部晚期疾病患者应考虑 T-VEC 单独或联合局部咪喹莫特。在具有器官移植和免疫抑制病史的患者中，应密切观察这种组合。
METHODS::In colorectal cancer (CRC), hepatic arterial infusion (HAI) chemotherapy may convert primarily unresectable CRC liver metastases (CLM) into resectability, although the risk of metastatic recurrence remains high after CLM ablation. We investigated the role of antitumour immunity invoked by first-line oxaliplatin-HAI for long-term CLM outcome. In a prospective study cohort of primarily unresectable CLM, we assessed patients' fms-related tyrosine kinase 3 ligand (FLT3LG) in serum, reflecting opportune intratumoural immune activity, at baseline and following 1-3 sequences of oxaliplatin-HAI. The end points were CLM resectability and overall survival. Patients who presented an immediate twofold increment of circulating FLT3LG during the treatment and at its completion were scored as CLM resectable (16.4% with both features), were alive at final follow-up 8-12 years later. All patients experienced FLT3LG increase during the treatment course, but those who remained unresectable or had the disease converted but presented a slow and gradual FLT3LG accretion, later died of the metastatic disease. These data provide further support to our previous findings that tumour-directed immunity invoked by oxaliplatin-containing therapy predicts excellent outcome of early advanced CRC if macroscopic tumour ablation is rendered possible by the 'classic' tumour response to the cytotoxic treatment.
METHODS::Prostate cancer is one of the primary causes of death around the world. As an important drug, flutamide has been used in the clinical diagnosis of prostate cancer. However, the over dosage and improper discharge of flutamide could affect the living organism. Thus, it necessary to develop the sensor for detection of flutamide with highly sensitivity. In this paper, we report the synthesis of lanthanum cobaltite decorated halloysite nanotube (LCO/HNT) nanocomposite prepared by a facile method and evaluated for selective reduction of flutamide. The as-prepared LCO/HNT nanocomposite shows the best catalytic performance towards detection of flutamide, when compared to other bare and modified electrodes. The good electrochemical performance of the LCO/HNT nanocomposite modified electrode is ascribed to abundant active sites, large specific surface area and their synergetic effects. Furthermore, the LCO/HNT modified electrode exhibits low detection limit (0.002 μM), wide working range (0.009-145 μM) and excellent selectivity with remarkable stability. Meaningfully, the developed electrochemical sensor was applied in real environmental samples with an acceptable recovery range.
METHODS::Several studies have indicated that cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) could promote cancer progression in many malignancies. However, the mechanism by which CAFs promote the growth and metastasis of lung cancer remains poorly defined. In the present study, CAFs and normal fibroblasts (NFs) were isolated from human lung cancer and adjacent tissue. The data showed that the conditional medium (CM) of CAFs could increase the proliferation, migration and invasion of lung cancer cells. Vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) showed a higher expression in CAF-CM than NF-CM, and blocking VCAM-1 in CAF-CM attenuated the proliferation and invasion of cancer cells. Further, the results showed that VCAM-1 secreted from CAFs activated AKT and MAPK signaling via receptor α4β1 integrin (very-late antigen (VLA)-4) in lung cancer cells. Moreover, CAFs promoted VCAM-1 expression and tumor growth in vivo. Additionally, bioinformatics analysis indicated a positive correlation on the CAF marker protein alpha-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and VCAM-1 expression, which was associated with a poor prognosis in lung cancer patients. These findings demonstrate that the VCAM-1 secreted from CAFs enhances growth and invasion by activating the AKT and MAPK signaling of lung cancer cells.